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Donald Trump has pardoned 73 people and commuted the sentences of a further 70 in his final hours in office.
The US President has pardoned former chief strategist Steve Bannon as part of a late flurry of clemency action benefiting nearly 150 people, including rap stars and former members of US Congress.
But there was no clemency for Joe 'Tiger King' Exotic who is currently serving a 22-year sentence for trying to hire a hitman to kill zoo keeper rival Carole Baskin.
The eccentric tiger trader was reportedly so confident he would receive a presidential pardon that his team claimed to have parked a limousine near his prison to escort him home.
The pardons and commutations for 143 people, including the surprise addition of Bannon, were announced after midnight on Wednesday in the final hours of Trump's White House term.
Donald Trump issued 143 pardons and commutations
(Image: AFP via Getty Images)
Donald Trump pardons Steve Bannon in last-minute call before leaving White House
Joe Exotic 'pardon' angers Trump loyalists who slammed 'dips**t' Tiger King star
The NY Times reports that the release of the list of those granted clemency was due earlier on Tuesday, but the debate over Bannon was part of the delay.
He was charged last year with swindling Trump supporters over an effort to raise private funds to build the president's wall on the US-Mexico border.
A pardon cancels a criminal conviction, while a commutation shortens or ends a prison sentence.
Steve Bannon was charged with fraud over a scheme to privately fund a border wall
(Image: Getty Images)
When it comes to crimes charged in a federal court, the US president has virtually unlimited power to pardon.
Trump used his final hours in power to add to an already considerable clemency effort.
In December alone, he pardoned or commuted the sentences of more than four dozen people, before the major surge – originally planned to be done in batches.
However, the Capitol riots scuppered that and instead the President did many in fell swoop.
Joe 'Tiger King' Exotic did not make the list
(Image: Netflix US/AFP via Getty Images)
Former Google engineer Anthony Levandowski – sentenced for stealing a trade secret on self-driving cars months before he briefly headed Uber Technologies Inc's rival unit – was given a full pardon.
The 40-year-old was sentenced in August to 18 months in prison after pleading guilty in March.
He was not in custody but a judge had said he could enter custody once the Covid-19 pandemic subsided.
Other last minute additions included Rapper Lil Wayne – real name Dwayne Michael Carter Jr. – who has been granted a full pardon in relation to firearms charges 10 years ago.
Lil Wayne was pardoned for a firearms conviction
Prominent artist and community leader Kodak Black – real name Bill K. Kapri – was also among the 11th hour blitz.
He was sentenced to 46 months in prison for making a false statement on a Federal document. He has served nearly half of his sentence.
Former Mayor of Detroit Kwame Kilpatrick also saw his sentence for racketeering and bribery while he held public office commuted.
He had served approximately seven years inside.
The full list of those benefiting from the outgoing President's clemency are:
Representative Rick Renzi
Carl Andrews Boggs
Jaime A. Davidson
James E. Johnson, Jr.
Bill K. Kapri
Jawad A. Musa
Ferrell Damon Scott
Jerry Donnell Walden
Jeffrey Alan Conway
Matthew Antoine Canady
Rodney Nakia Gibson
Tom Leroy Whitehurst
Monstsho Eugene Vernon
Luis Fernando Sicard
Traie Tavares Kelly
Eric Wesley Patton
Robert William Cawthon
Hal Knudson Mergler
Gary Evan Hendler
John Harold Wall
Steven Samuel Grantham
Clarence Olin Freeman
Fred Keith Alford
Kenneth Charles Fragoso
Way Quoe Long
John Estin Davis
Stephen K. Bannon
Dr. Scott Harkonen
Johnny D. Phillips, Jr
Dr. Mahmoud Reza Banki
Jodi Lynn Richter
Cassandra Ann Kasowski
Lerna Lea Paulson
Gregory Jorgensen, Deborah Jorgensen, Martin Jorgensen
Robert Cannon “Robin” Hayes
Thomas Kenton “Ken” Ford
Scott Conor Crosby
Joshua J. Smith
Dr. Frederick Nahas
Dr. Faustino Bernadett
Fred “Dave” Clark
Todd Farha, Thaddeus Bereday, William Kale, Paul Behrens, Peter Clay
Randall “Duke” Cunningham
Dwayne Michael Carter Jr.
James Brian Cruz
David E. Miller
James Austin Hayes
Patrick Lee Swisher
Dr. Robert S. Corkern
David Lamar Clanton
Robert “Bob” Zangrillo
John Duncan Fordham
William “Ed” Henry