- G7 summits
media captionG7 pledge of a billion doses for poorer countries is "another big step towards vaccinating the world", says UK PM
Leaders of the major industrial nations have pledged one billion Covid vaccine doses to poor countries as a "big step towards vaccinating the world", Boris Johnson has said.
At the end of the G7 summit in Cornwall, the PM said countries were rejecting "nationalistic approaches".
He said vaccinating the world would show the benefits of the G7's democratic values.
There was also a pledge to wipe out their contribution to climate change.
After the first meeting of world leaders in two years, Mr Johnson said "the world was looking to us to reject some of the selfish, nationalistic approaches that marred the initial global response to the pandemic and to channel all our diplomatic, economic and scientific might to defeating Covid for good".
He said the G7 leaders had pledged to supply the vaccines to poor countries either directly or through the World Health Organization's Covax scheme – including 100 million from the UK.
The communique issued by the summit pledges to "end the pandemic and prepare for the future by driving an intensified international effort, starting immediately, to vaccinate the world by getting as many safe vaccines to as many people as possible as fast as possible".
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Mr Johnson rejected suggestions the donation was a moral failure by the G7 as it was not enough to cover the needs of poorer countries.
He referred to the the UK's involvement in the development of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine.
"Already of the 1.5 billion vaccines that have been distributed around the world, I think that people in this country should be very proud that half a billion of them are as a result of the actions taken by the UK government in doing that deal with the Oxford scientists and AstraZeneca to distribute it at cost," he said.
He added that "we are going flat out and we are producing vaccines as fast as we can, and distributing them as fast as we can".
The target to vaccinate the world by the end of next year would be met "very largely thanks to the efforts of the countries who have come here today", Mr Johnson said.
Vaccines provide a route out the pandemic, but only if they are distributed equitably around the globe based on need.
Currently, many richer nations have good access to doses for mass immunisation of their citizens, while some developing countries are yet to receive any.
The UK has bought enough vaccine to immunise its entire population several times over.
G7 nations, including the UK, have agreed to step up production and donate a billion doses, but that will take time.
The ambition is to vaccinate "the world" by the end of 2022.
The World Health Organization estimates at least 11 billion doses are needed to stand a chance of beating the virus, which is why critics say the G7 summit will go down as an unforgivable moral failure.
Mr Johnson also dismissed the suggestion that patents for vaccines should be waived in order to boost global supply, something which the US backed last month.
He said he wanted to protect "incentives for innovation" while building up manufacturing capacity, especially in Africa.
The communique calls for a "timely, transparent, expert-led, and science-based WHO-convened" investigation into the origins of Covid-19.
US President Joe Biden has previously said the US intelligence community is split on whether coronavirus came from human contact with an infected animal or from a lab accident – a theory rejected by China.
Mr Johnson said "the advice that we've had is it doesn't look as though this particular disease of zoonotic origin came from a lab", but he added: "Clearly anybody sensible would want to keep an open mind about that".
French President Emmanuel Macron said the international community needed clarity about the origins of the virus but said it was up to the WHO to investigate.
With G7 countries accounting for 20% of carbon emissions, Mr Johnson said: "We were clear this weekend that action needs to start with us."
He said as well as pledging to eliminate their own contributions to climate change, the G7 would phase out coal-fired power stations without carbon capture technology and raise $100bn (£70bn) to help poorer countries cut emissions.
But pressed on the lack of binding agreements and timetables, the prime minister says he will not "pretend our work is done" and he will be "on everybody's case" to make further progress ahead of the COP26 summit in Scotland later this year.
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Kirsty McNeill from Crack the Crises, a coalition of charities and NGOs including Save the Children and Oxfam, said the G7 summit was a "historic missed opportunity" on Covid-19 and climate change.
Leaders arrived "with good intentions but without their cheque books", she said.
Joanna Rea, from Unicef UK, said the G7 pledge on vaccines was "the beginning of the action required to end this pandemic" but called for a "rapid acceleration of dose sharing in the next three months to ensure millions of vaccines get to the people in countries who need them the most".
In their communique, G7 leaders also pledged to:
- reinvigorate their economies "with plans that create jobs, invest in infrastructure, drive innovation, support people, and level up so that no place or person, irrespective of age, ethnicity or gender is left behind"
- "build back better" by establishing a clean, green growth fund for infrastructure developments in developing countries
- support a green revolution that creates jobs, cuts emissions and seeks to limit the rise in global temperatures to 1.5 degrees. They also committed to net zero greenhouse gas emissions by no later than 2050
- get 40 million more girls into education by 2026