- Kashmir tensions
image copyrightGetty Imagesimage captionMehbooba Mufti, a former chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir, reportedly attended the meeting
Indian PM Narendra Modi met politicians from Jammu and Kashmir on Thursday amid speculation that Delhi's three-year direct rule might end with elections.
It was the first such meeting since a controversial decision to revoke the region's special status in 2019.
Mr Modi's government had imposed direct rule in 2018 after a coalition with a local party broke up.
Relations between Delhi and the restive Muslim-majority Kashmir valley have worsened in recent years.
The region used to be a state, before being turned into a federally-administered territory in 2019. Local leaders have urged Mr Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government to restore statehood and hold elections.
Former chief ministers of the region, Farooq Abdullah and Mehbooba Mufti reportedly attended Thursday's meeting.
The ministers are part of an alliance known as the Jammu and Kashmir People's Alliance for Gupkar Declaration, a conglomerate of political parties critical of Delhi's aggressive and highly militarised role in the valley. The alliance won the largest number of seats in municipal elections last year.
The sudden loss of special status or autonomy – guaranteed by the Indian constitution – was met with massive protests in Indian-administered Kashmir.
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Mr Farooq Abdullah, Mr Omar Abdullah and Ms Mufti were among several political leaders detained under house arrest for months. Thousands of students, teachers, activists and other locals were also arrested – many are still in jail.
The move was accompanied by a severe communications and internet blockade, which was only lifted in 2020.
image copyrightSOPA Imagesimage captionThe loss of special status met with anger and protests
Kashmir has been the site of a decades-old insurgency against Delhi, and the resistance has been met with increasing militarisation, which only strained relations further. India's security forces have been repeatedly accused of excesses by locals – a charge Delhi has always denied.
So the 2019 decision was seen by critics as part of a larger BJP right-wing agend. The party has been accused of using divisive rhetoric against the country's Muslims.
Since the decision, Delhi has imposed a slew of administrative and demographic changes through new laws, sparking resentment and anger in Kashmir.
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Experts said Thursday's meeting was an attempt to tackle mounting criticism against Mr Modi and his government for failing to effect any political change in the region.
India and Pakistan both claim Kashmir in full, but control only parts of it.
The nuclear-armed neighbours have fought two wars over Kashmir, most recently clashing in a series of aerial attacks over the territory in February last year.
media captionStudents in a remote village in the Himalayas struggle to access the internet in order to access classes